2018: Affirmative Action Policies

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Quelle: TThe Asia-Pacific Journal | Japan Focus Volume 16 | Issue 5 | Number 4 | Feb 19, 2018
http://apjjf.org/


Affirmative Action Policies Under the Postwar Japanese Constitution:
On the Effects of the Dōwa Special Measures Policy
Noah McCormack

Abstract
This article examines the background to Japan’s Dowa-related affirmative action programs which, based on postwar constitutional guarantees, set about relieving the material and psychological expressions of majority discrimination against Buraku residents. It shows the generally beneficial consequences of these programs, and highlights the overall weakening of discrimination, the improvement of living conditions, and a high level of mixed living and intermarriage. Finally, it considers how the resulting erosion of Buraku-based identities remains contested both by those displaying a continued will to discriminate, and by activists who desire to maintain a Buraku-based identity into the future.

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