2017: Hate Korean Campaign
Die Verfassung Japans. Hate Speech
Quelle: The Asia-Pacific Journal | Japan Focus Volume 15 | Issue 24 | Number 5 | Dec 14, 2017
Two Faces of the Hate Korean Campaign in Japan
Ishibashi Gaku and Narusawa Muneo with an introduction by Youngmi Lim
translated by Satoko Oka Norimatsu and Joseph Essertier
Introduction by Youngmi Lim
The following two articles document the recent unfolding of hate demonstrations targeting Japan’s Korean minority population (hereafter Zainichi Koreans). This introduction provides historical context for the organized expressions of hate against Zainichi Koreans. Earlier analyses of Japan’s far right have emphasized how internet communications, explicit expressions of bigotry, and the frustrations of the “lost” generation, contributed to an emergent subculture of grassroots conservatism.
More recent studies reveal that these postInternet conservative movements build on a perspective widely shared across the Japanese establishment. Whether or not hateful remarks are tolerated in Japanese public space (including cyberspace), the fundamental interpretation of the legacy of Japan’s war and colonization is virtually identical among ultraright grassroots activists and some prominent mainstream public figures. Recent aggressive street campaigns could strengthen these influences on the general public. Japan’s establishment, including both elite conservatives, and ultraconservatives, as well as their grassroots counterparts, have recently reached a point in which they had a clear shared perspective. Once the Internet became accessible to millions of people in the past two decades, such people were able to subtly instill their views on mainstream society.
Zainichi Koreans are the migrants and descendants of people who originated in colonial Korea. Japan’s colonization of the Korean peninsula lasted for more than three decades between 1910 and 1945, although one can say that the Japanese Empire’s encroachment on Korea began in 1876, when Japan forced the opening of the country and imposed a unequal treaty on Yi Dynasty Korea (1392-1897). Japan’s two major wars against China (1894-1895) and Russia (1904-1905) were triggered by conflicts between Japan and other powers over the control of Korea and Manchuria. As of 2016, conservative estimates of the Korean minority population in Japan put the total at 330,537. That number includes 299,488 South Koreans and 31,049 stateless Koreans. In addition, between 1952 and 2016, 365,530 Koreans were naturalized. Zainichi Koreans obtain Japanese nationality through naturalization or by having one legallyJapanese parent (i.e., cases in which nationality is transmitted according to the principle of jus sanguinis or “right of blood”). ...
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